American Roots: Music of the Moravians

This concert of music from the pacifist community offered a meaningful alternative to the usual July Fourth celebration

American Roots: Music of the Moravians
by Courtesy of the Moravian Music Foundation

First Presbyterian Church, 8001 Mesa
June 29

The first music that comes to mind when I think of Revolutionary America is sprightly tunes played on fifes and drums. As cheerful as that music is, it was music of war. This past weekend, though, La Follia Austin Baroque performed compositions from that time that evoked peace – lesser-known music from the pacifist community of Moravians in America.

Descendants of one of the earliest religious reform movements in Europe, the Moravians endured much dislocation and persecution before settling in the American colonies in 1735. Their two primary communities were established in Salem, N.C., and Bethlehem, Pa.

The Moravians believed that a love for music was essential for spiritual life. The community kept a large library of works by the Bach family, Mozart, and Haydn, among others, and the works on La Follia's program reflected deep study of these European masters. The String Trio No. 1 by John Antes, a Pennsylvania-born composer, was so witty that it could have easily passed as a score of a London Trio by Haydn. The ensemble's performance was a clear highlight of the concert, particularly the charmingly deft duo of violin in the second movement.

The Moravians didn't simply emulate European classical music, however; they also appropriated its formal elements for their own uses. In the concert, a trombone choir demonstrated a sequence of chorales that would have been performed from the cemetery in order to alert the town of a death. The specific chorale relayed what type of person died; here, they performed "Now to the Earth," the serene chorale that signified the passing of an older girl.

The cornerstone of the program was a large-scale, cantata-like composition created to celebrate the end of the Revolutionary War. This Freudenpsalm (Psalm of Joy) was compiled by composer Johann Friedrich Peter shortly before July 4, 1783, and is considered to be the first musical commemoration of the event. As pacifists, the Moravians paid fees that allowed them to abstain from the physical fighting, but, surprisingly, they opened military hospitals where they treated Americans and Redcoats alike. The work, arranged as a celebration of the newfound peace, is celebratory but also contemplative and serious, reflecting on the difficult realities of war. Its most gut-wrenching moment was a line of recitative describing war-torn America: "The land now lies in waste, pillaged and ravaged."

Even though the Fourth is about celebration, this program forced me to reflect on how estranged we are today from the harshness of the American War of Independence. In this performance, La Follia encouraged the audience to participate in the chorale-singing, and the humble murmurs from the audience were quite moving. Unlike the physically explosive performances of Tchaikovsky's 1812 Overture that typify today's July Fourth celebrations, this thoughtful praise of peace, particularly in the company of such warm community, made for a more meaningful alternative.

More Austin classical music
The Creation
Texas Choral Consort's performance of Haydn's masterwork reawakened one's sense of life in all its immense variety

Robert Faires, Aug. 22, 2014

Austin Chamber Musical Festival Sixth Annual Pride Concert
Austin Chamber Musical Festival Sixth Annual Pride Concert
Was G.F. Handel on your Gaydar?

Natalie Zeldin, July 11, 2014

More Arts Reviews
The Vortex's <i>Vampyress</i>
The Vortex's Vampyress
Chad Salvata's gothic opera is the perfect treat for the season of ghouls, sensual and spooky

Shanon Weaver, Oct. 13, 2017

Austin Symphony Orchestra: <i>Feast of Voices</i>
Austin Symphony Orchestra: Feast of Voices
The ASO and Chorus Austin combined forces for an evening of music that was gorgeous, sensual, and sometimes hall-shaking

Robi Polgar, Oct. 13, 2017

More by Natalie Zeldin
Texas Early Music Project's <i>Convivencia Re-Envisioned</i>
Texas Early Music Project's Convivencia Re-Envisioned
Spanish Christian music, Sephardic Jewish song, and al-Andalus melodies meld in this special concert

Sept. 4, 2015

A Hole in His Heart
A Hole in His Heart
Baritone Morgan Smith reveals how he becomes that lover we love to hate, Don Giovanni

April 24, 2015


Austin classical music, American Roots: Music of the Moravians, La Follia, music of Revolutionary America, John Antes, Johann Friedrich Peter

AC Daily, Events and Promotions, Luvdoc Answers

Breaking news, recommended events, and more

Official Chronicle events, promotions, and giveaways

Updates for SXSW 2017

All questions answered (satisfaction not guaranteed)