Dirty Air Update

Energy industry still running roughshod over Texas

Public Citizen's Tom Smitty Smith recently detailed the effects that more coal-fired power plants could have on Texas.
Public Citizen's Tom "Smitty" Smith recently detailed the effects that more coal-fired power plants could have on Texas. (Photo By Daniel Mottola)

Why is it that 17 new coal-fired power plants remain on a permitting fast track despite heavy public and political pressure against them? And why, in operating these plants, are Texas utilities going to be allowed to increase our nation-leading CO2 emissions by 115 million tons per year (that's as much as 20 million cars and doubles our current output), as well as increase our toxic mercury emissions (also No. 1 nationally) and add other smog-forming pollutants to the air?

Because they can. A GOP-led U.S. Congress is slow-peddling on passing CO2 regulations, and Texas regulators appear to be too beholden to industry to protect citizens, choosing instead to root for the new plants.

The financial ties between Texas electric utilities and Gov. Rick Perry's political coffers run deep. TXU Energy, with 11 of the 17 pending coal generator applications, operates some of the nation's worst polluting plants, evidenced by a recent Environmental Integrity Project report. TXU also happens to be among the state's top political givers, according to a 2005 Texans for Public Justice report, which also shows Perry to be the No. 1 recipient of that cash. According to a state energy industry insider who agreed to speak off the record, Perry promised the coal plant fast tracks to TXU and other utilities in exchange for softening post-Hurricane Katrina price hikes (sure to be a political pain). He also supposedly promised to add back discounted funding for low-income rates and customer education – lost when the Legislature looted the Systems Benefit fund, designed to support such programs, in order to balance the state budget. (Perry's office had not responded to requests for comment by press time.)

TXU insists that by using the latest emissions technology, it will offset pollution from the new plants by 100%, reducing mercury, nitrogen oxide, and sulfur dioxide by 20% overall. The company also claims that its proposed supercritical pulverized coal plants are cleaner than IGCC plants, also known as clean-coal plants and gasification plants. Greens favor IGCC plants, which are capable of nearly eliminating mercury emissions and capturing CO2 emissions. TXU spokeswoman Kimberly Morgan said IGCCs aren't a proven technology and that they aren't compatible with the coal TXU plans to use. Greens argue that TXU's improved emissions claims are bogus since they're mostly mandated annual reductions that won't help in ozone season when it counts; enviros also chide the utility for not addressing global warming – which leaders, like Tom "Smitty" Smith of Public Citizen, say will lead to everything from worsening droughts to heat waves, flooding, wildfires, and illness.

With at least one strong climate change bill in Congress, Greens believe utilities are racing to get their coal burners permitted before federal regulations are passed. Asked why TXU isn't addressing CO2 pollution, Morgan said, "We can't make $10 billion business decisions based on rules that may exist 10-15 years down the road."

What's the state environmental agency's stance on the new plants? Terry Clawson, spokesman for the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, referenced a July 13 presentation on the need for new electric capacity, delivered to the Texas Senate Committee on Natural Resources by Barry Smitherman, a member of the state's Public Utility Commission, which regulates competitive utilities. By 2009, "existing power plants will not be able to provide enough power," says Smitherman, declaring that "new coal and nuclear plants are a necessity," and dismissing renewable energy alternatives by stating that they "cannot reliably deliver power when customers need it."

Enviros counter that a combination of expanded renewable energy, cleaner, more efficient gas plants that capture and use exhaust heat, IGCC coal plants, and improved energy efficiency can meet new energy needs. Efficiency Texas claims efficiency measures effectively diminish energy demand but aren't pursued by utilities beyond low state mandates due to the absence of incentives. Enviros also note that all three PUC commissioners are Perry appointees, and that continued energy policy pressure must be maintained during the governor's race if Texans want to change the smoky status quo.

  • More of the Story

  • Naked City

    Headlines and happenings from Austin and beyond

    NFL Cracks Down on TV News

    Despotic sports league bans local TV crews from sidelines of games

    Don't Leave Us in the Dark

    Local activists sign on to letter asking city manager to ensure public participation in process of selecting a new police chief
  • More Toll Road Tremors

    East Austin activists say toll road plan is unfair

    Noticias Las Manitas

    Grassroots effort to save Las Manitas Avenue Cafe and Escuelita del Alma daycare is growing

    Jollyville Salamander Not So Jolly

    Save Our Springs Alliance files suit against U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service for failing to respond to petitions to add the rare Jollyville salamander and Val Verde County's San Felipe gambusia to the endangered species list

A note to readers: Bold and uncensored, The Austin Chronicle has been Austin’s independent news source for almost 40 years, expressing the community’s political and environmental concerns and supporting its active cultural scene. Now more than ever, we need your support to continue supplying Austin with independent, free press. If real news is important to you, please consider making a donation of $5, $10 or whatever you can afford, to help keep our journalism on stands.

Support the Chronicle  

More energy
Letters at 3AM
Letters at 3AM
$4 a gallon

Michael Ventura, April 29, 2005

Is Texas Gas Burning Austinites' Money?
Is Texas Gas Burning Austinites' Money?
Energy gadfly says utility may be overcharging customers

Daniel Mottola, April 15, 2005

More by Daniel Mottola
Bicycle Master Plan Gets a Tune-Up
Bicycle Master Plan Gets a Tune-Up
If it's May, it must be Bike Month

May 22, 2009

Critical Mass Arrests
Critical Mass Arrests
Pride or policy?

April 10, 2009


energy, coal-fired power plants, CO2 emissions, Senate Committee on Natural Resources

One click gets you all the newsletters listed below

Breaking news, arts coverage, and daily events

Can't keep up with happenings around town? We can help.

Austin's queerest news and events

New recipes and food news delivered Mondays

Eric Goodman's Austin FC column, other soccer news

Information is power. Support the free press, so we can support Austin.   Support the Chronicle