Redistricting 2001

Putting Texas Politics on the Map

Redistricting 2001

TEXAS HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

Districts: 150

2000 Ideal District Population (IDP): 139,012

Actual 2000 population range: 104,998 (--24.47%) to 224,330 (+61.37%)

In the Lege, the range between the smallest and largest districts can be up to 10% of the "ideal district population," which is simply the total official state population (20,851,800) divided by the number of districts. That's a good thing when cramming 150 Texas House seats onto the map, because each of Texas' 254 counties is supposed to be either wholly within a single House district or contain at least one complete district.

An example: Dist. 46 (Hays, Caldwell, and Gonzales counties) now has 9,399 too many people. Dist. 30 (Victoria, Goliad, DeWitt, and Lavaca counties) has 8,773 too few people. And Gonzales County has 18,628 people. But you can't just split Gonzales in half, because that would violate the county-line rule, unless you have no other choice. So instead, the Lege has to move population sequentially, in a chain of counties across the state -- possibly, Blanco from Dist. 53 (Harvey Hilderbran) to Dist. 46 (Rick Green), Gonzales from Dist. 46 to Dist. 30 (Geanie Morrison), Goliad from Dist. 30 to Dist. 31 (Judy Hawley) -- to make everyone fit.

In Central Texas, every district is too big, generally way too big. So it's likely you'll see a new seat in Travis County, mostly extracted from Dist. 47 (Terry Keel), now the most crowded in the whole state. And Dists. 53 and 54 (Hildebran and Mike Krusee) are both so overweight that a new seat, including Burnet and western Williamson Counties, seems likely.

We say "new," but there still are only 150 seats to go around. And with equally groaning needs for new seats in and near Denton, Collin, Fort Bend, Montgomery, and maybe Hidalgo counties, some state reps are going to be looking for new work. The likely victims will be in East Texas, Harris and Bexar Counties, and especially the Panhandle/Plains region, where every district west of Weatherford and north of the Pecos is way underweight. (In Dallas, Tarrant, and El Paso counties, as well as in South Texas, the declining and booming districts largely cancel each other out; the Lege just needs to move the lines).

Look for trouble in Dists. 5 (Bob Glaze), 8 (Paul Sadler), 9 (Wayne Christian), and 17 (Jim McReynolds) in the east; 115 (Mike Villarreal), 116 (Trey Martinez Fischer), 119 (Robert Puente), and 120 (Ruth Jones McClendon) in San Antonio; 145-147 (Rick Noriega, Al Edwards, and Garnet Coleman) in Houston; and 68 (Rick Hardcastle), 70 (David Counts), 73 (Bob Turner), and 80 (Gary Walker) in the west. Because of where these districts are and where these reps live within the districts, these are the folks most likely to get "paired," or dumped into districts with their neighbors. Interestingly, Glaze, Sadler, McClendon, and Counts are all on the House redistricting committee.

Got something to say? The Chronicle welcomes opinion pieces on any topic from the community. Submit yours now at austinchronicle.com/opinion.

A note to readers: Bold and uncensored, The Austin Chronicle has been Austin’s independent news source for over 40 years, expressing the community’s political and environmental concerns and supporting its active cultural scene. Now more than ever, we need your support to continue supplying Austin with independent, free press. If real news is important to you, please consider making a donation of $5, $10 or whatever you can afford, to help keep our journalism on stands.

Support the Chronicle  

READ MORE
More by Mike Clark-Madison
Austin at Large: What’s Public, What’s Private
Austin at Large: What’s Public, What’s Private
Power and parks: My conflicting views of privatizing public services and spaces

Dec. 2, 2022

Austin at Large: Don’t Go Away Mad, Just ...
Austin at Large: Don’t Go Away Mad, Just ...
If legislators want to break up with Austin, they should at least put their backs into it

Nov. 25, 2022

MORE IN THE ARCHIVES
NEWSLETTERS
One click gets you all the newsletters listed below

Breaking news, arts coverage, and daily events

Can't keep up with happenings around town? We can help.

Austin's queerest news and events

Eric Goodman's Austin FC column, other soccer news

Behind the scenes at The Austin Chronicle

Information is power. Support the free press, so we can support Austin.   Support the Chronicle