Ten Big Polluters Who Designed Bush's 1997 Anti-Pollution Program

Company: Grandfathered Tonnage Texas Utilities: 210,437

Alcoa: 109,646

Phillips 66: 37,841

Valero: 18,335

Shell: 15,010

Amoco: 14,282

Coastal: 8,628

Lyondell-Citgo: 8,297

Lyondell: 8,069

Dow: 5,568

Total: 436,113

Of the 17 industry executives the governor and Big Oil brought together in 1997 to clean up their own pollution, 10 represented companies that were among the state's Top 30 grandfathered polluters. Listed above are the companies and the number of tons of grandfathered toxic emissions each company released into the air.

Grandfathered polluters were exempt from the state's 1971 Clean Air Act. "Grandfathered" industrial emissions in 1971 totaled 1.5 million tons. Non-grandfathered industrial emissions in 1997 came in at 1.4 million tons. Automobile emissions in 1997 totaled 1.5 million tons.

Source: "Grandfathered Air Pollution: The Dirty Secret of Texas Industries," 1998, the Lone Star Sierra Club and the Galveston-Houston Association for Smog Prevention.
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