Dear Editor, President Bush addressed the National Urban League July 23rd after refusing to speak to the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People earlier this month. Mr. Bush wanted to know why African-Americans should vote for "a party that takes their vote for granted." The answer is simple. In general, the modern Democratic Party has fought for black and civil-rights causes while the modern Republican Party is the place where those that hate blacks and oppose civil rights call their home. Today's conservative Republican Party of George W. Bush is not the same progressive Republican Party that Abraham Lincoln led in 1863. Lincoln's party quickly ended slavery in America and passed the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution that officially abolished slavery, expanded citizenship, and granted blacks the right to vote. Modern Republicans do not belong to the "party of Lincoln." Most blacks know this and realize that voting Republican is against their best interests. Asking African-Americans to vote for George W. Bush is like asking Native Americans to vote for George Armstrong Custer.